SHEMAIAH (Heb. שְׁמַעְיָהוּ, שְׁמַעְיָה), a prophet in the days of Solomon's son, Rehoboam king of Judah (I Kings 12:22–24 and the parallel passage in II Chron. 11:2–4; 12:5–8, 15). Shemaiah is associated with two events, one at the beginning of, the other during Rehoboam's reign. In I Kings and in the parallel account in II Chronicles it is related that Shemaiah cautioned Rehoboam not to embark on a war against the tribes of Israel that had rebelled against his authority, and warned him that "this thing is from Me (i.e., God)" (I Kings 12:24; II Chron. 11:4). According to II Chronicles 12:5–8, Shemaiah rebuked Rehoboam and his princes, and blamed them for the invasion of Judah by shishak king of Egypt. After Rehoboam and his princes had humbled themselves before the Lord "the word of the Lord came to Shemaiah: 'They have humbled themselves; I will not destroy them, but I will grant them some deliverance, and My wrath shall not be poured out upon Jerusalem by the hand of Shishak'" (II Chron. 12:7). The Chronicler attributes to Shemaiah "the Chronicles of Shemaiah the Prophet and of Iddo the Seer" (ibid., verse 15), which probably means simply the part of the Book of Kings referring to Shemaiah's generation. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: J.A. Montgomery, Kings (ICC, 1951), 251. (Nili Schupak)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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