SHEMAIAH

SHEMAIAH
SHEMAIAH (Heb. שְׁמַעְיָהוּ, שְׁמַעְיָה), a prophet in the days of Solomon's son, Rehoboam king of Judah (I Kings 12:22–24 and the parallel passage in II Chron. 11:2–4; 12:5–8, 15). Shemaiah is associated with two events, one at the beginning of, the other during Rehoboam's reign. In I Kings and in the parallel account in II Chronicles it is related that Shemaiah cautioned Rehoboam not to embark on a war against the tribes of Israel that had rebelled against his authority, and warned him that "this thing is from Me (i.e., God)" (I Kings 12:24; II Chron. 11:4). According to II Chronicles 12:5–8, Shemaiah rebuked Rehoboam and his princes, and blamed them for the invasion of Judah by shishak king of Egypt. After Rehoboam and his princes had humbled themselves before the Lord "the word of the Lord came to Shemaiah: 'They have humbled themselves; I will not destroy them, but I will grant them some deliverance, and My wrath shall not be poured out upon Jerusalem by the hand of Shishak'" (II Chron. 12:7). The Chronicler attributes to Shemaiah "the Chronicles of Shemaiah the Prophet and of Iddo the Seer" (ibid., verse 15), which probably means simply the part of the Book of Kings referring to Shemaiah's generation. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: J.A. Montgomery, Kings (ICC, 1951), 251. (Nili Schupak)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • SHEMAIAH — (late first century B.C.E.), the colleague of avtalyon (see zugot ). In talmudic sources they are usually mentioned together. They are described as having taught in the same bet midrash (Yoma 35b), cooperating in an exemplary fashion. Like… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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  • Shemaiah —    1) (fl. 5th cent, BCE)    Israelite false prophet. During the rebuilding of the walls of Jerusalem, Shemaiah was hired by Tobiah and Sanballat to persuade Nehemiah to hide from his enemies in the Temple; their plan was to expose him as an… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • SHEMAIAH OF TROYES — (11th century), French scholar. Shemaiah was one of rashi s closest pupils and appears to have been the father in law of Rashi s grandson, samuel b. meir . Shemaiah helped Rashi edit his responsa and afterward collected and assembled them from… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Shemaiah of Soissons — was a Jewish scholar of the 12th century, a pupil of Rashi. He was the author of the following works: * Sodot or Midrash, notes on the construction of the Tabernacle as described in Ex. xxv. xxvi. It was edited on the basis of the Munich… …   Wikipedia

  • Shemaiah (prophet) — Shemaiah was a prophet in the reign of Rehoboam (I Kings 12:22 24). He is venerated as a saint in the liturgical calendar of the Eastern Orthodox Church on January 9. He is best known for two events: * Preventing Rehoboam from war with Jeroboam 1 …   Wikipedia

  • Shemaiah — noun a) One of several people in the Tanakh, and Christian Old Testament: b) A prophet in the reign of Rehoboam (1 Kings 12:22 24) …   Wiktionary

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  • Book of Shemaiah the Prophet — The Book of Shemaiah the Prophet is one of the lost books of the Old Testament. It was probably written by the Biblical Prophet Shemaiah, who lived at the time of Rehoboam. The book is described at bibleverse|2|Chronicles|12:15|HE. The passage… …   Wikipedia

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